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Information Network Systems for e-Government in Japan
@ Basic Residential Registers Network System Local Government WAN
(LGWAN)
Kasumigaseki WAN
(KWAN)
Purpose Nationwide identification of citizens Prompt and smooth communication and information sharing among local and central governments Prompt and smooth communication and information sharing among agencies
Improvement of government services and streamlining public administrations
Joined Organizations Local governments and Designated organizations for information processing (LASDEC) Local governments
(2,925 governments joined as of Jan.2004 among 47 prefectures and 3,241 cities, towns and villages)
Ministries and Agencies of central government.
(29 agencies joined as of Jan. 2004.)
Network Private line including VPN secured with electronic authentication and cryptography Private line including VPN secured with electronic authentication and cryptography Private line including VPN secured with electronic authentication and cryptography
Connection with Internet Isolated from Internet.
Connected with Computerized Local Residential Register System.
Connected with Internet via local government LAN and with KWAN. Connected with Internet via government LAN and with LGWAN.
User Local government officials and authorized persons. Local government officials. Central government officials.
Available Information Four information (name, gender, address, date of birth) , Residential ID number and modification records. Any Information used in administration including official documents and personal data except Residential ID number. Any Information used in administration including official documents and personal data except Residential ID number.
Service and Function Residential ID number can use only for the government services and administrative procedures designated by law such as
  • Passport application
  • Nationwide issue of residence certificates
  • Simplified procedure for change of address
  • Voluntary issue of Resident Registration Card (smart card with ID number)
  • Reference from central government agencies, etc.
  • Email system
  • E-filing system
  • E-document exchange system
  • Information bulletin board
  • E-learning system
  • E-mail system
  • Database on government businesses
  • Diet-related information support system
  • Database on members of the government advisory bodies
  • Database on government white papers
  • Network system for the National Diet Library
  • Comprehensive statistics database
  • Common information retrieval system
  • Database on computer procurement
  • Document exchange system with certification
Composition National server, Network surveillance system, Operating terminal, IC card reader/writer, Call center server, Basic Resident Registration Card consignment issue system, Firewall for national network connection, etc. LGWAN access line, LGWAN service facilities, IC card, IC card reader/writer, etc. Network Operations Center, Each ministry agencies' LAN, Firewall.

The network protocol is TCP/IP and the e-mail protocol is X.400 (JIS X 5801).

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